Do You Know the 5 Main Causes of Insomnia?

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Insomnia is the sensation of daytime fatigue and impaired performance caused by insufficient sleep. In general, people with insomnia experience an inability to sleep despite being tired, a light, fitful sleep that leaves them fatigued upon awakening, or waking up too early.

What are the primary causes of insomnia?

While there is no one cut and dried reason why some people can’t sleep, most experts agree that insomnia is brought on by stress, anxiety, medications, and/or caffeine – among other things. Transient and short-term insomnia has many causes. These are described in detail below.

20110926101523Stress. A reaction to change or stress is one of the most common causes of short-term and transient insomnia. This condition is sometimes referred to as adjustment sleep disorder. The precipitating factor could be a major or traumatic event such as an acute illness, injury, loss of a loved one, or job loss.

Temporary insomnia could also develop after a relatively minor event like an exam at school, trouble at work or traveling. In such cases, normal sleep almost always returns when the condition resolves, the individual recovers from the event, or the person becomes acclimated to the new situation. Treatment is needed if sleepiness interferes with functioning or if it continues for more than a few weeks.

Medications. Blood pressure medication and antidepressants can cause sleeplessness in a person. The same is true for those that contain stimulants like caffeine. On the other hand, antihistamines may make you drowsy at first but will worsen any urinary problem you have and make you urinate several times during the night.

Change in sleep cycle. You may be travelling through different time zones frequently or are constantly changing shifts at work. These erratic schedule changes your body’s circadian rhythm and will definitely mess up with your sleep.

caffeine insomniaLearned Insomnia. Do you worry about not getting enough sleep that you fail to fall asleep in the first place? That’s learned insomnia and that is one cause of not sleeping well at night.

What you take in your body. If you eat too much during dinner, chances are you won’t have a restful sleep. Why? If you’re too full, lying down to sleep may be uncomfortable. Those who suffer from heartburn will likewise be kept awake by the backflow of acid from their stomach. Taking in alcohol or caffeine, and/or smoking a few hours before bedtime can also affect the quality of your sleep since these stimulants will most likely keep you awake.

What role do hormones play in insomnia?

Fluctuations in female hormones play a major role in insomnia in women over their lifetimes. Such insomnia is most often temporary.
The hormone progesterone promotes sleep. Levels of this hormone plunge during menstruation, causing insomnia. When they rise during ovulation, women may become sleepier than usual.

During pregnancy, the effects of changes in progesterone levels in the first and last trimester can disrupt normal sleep patterns.

Insomnia MenopauseWhat role does menopause play in insomnia?

Insomnia can be a major problem in the first phases of menopause, when hormones are fluctuating intensely. Insomnia during this period may be due to different factors that occur.

In some women, hot flashes, sweating, and a sense of anxiety can awaken women suddenly and frequently at night during the first months of menopause. In such women, hormone replacement therapy may be beneficial.

What role does food play in insomnia?

Your diet should be one of the places you should look into when determining the cause of your insomnia. Coffee, chocolate, spicy food, soda before bedtime can cause you waking up so often at night.

Food that you are allergic to should be avoided at all cost during dinner so you don’t end up scratching yourself the whole night instead of sleeping. Similarly, difficult to digest food or those that can give you gas like beans, cabbage, and cucumber should be minimized.

Insomnia is something that can be overcome with the right information. By first knowing the main causes of your sleep problem, you can begin looking for the appropriate treatment by addressing whatever is causing your sleeplessness at night.

Interested in learning more about how to cure insomnia? Please click here to get your copy of “Insomnia No More: Say Goodbye to Sleepless Nights”.


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